Aortic Aneurysm Repair
Aortic Aneurysm repair is a surgical procedure used to treat an aneurysm, a weakened or bulging area in the Aorta. The primary goal of aneurysm repair is to prevent the aneurysm from rupturing, which can be life-threatening.
Indications for Repair:
The decision to repair an aneurysm is based on its size, location, and the patient’s overall health. The primary concern is preventing rupture. Larger aneurysms are generally at greater risk of rupture, while smaller ones may be monitored.
-Open Surgical Repair:
This involves traditional open surgery with an incision and direct access to the aneurysm. Open repair often requires the use of a synthetic graft to replace the weakened section of the blood vessel. Dr.Nikhil says, “Aortic Aneurysm Surgeries are some of the biggest and riskiest Cardiac Surgeries performed today.”
– Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR):
EVAR is a incision-less procedure. It involves inserting a stent graft, a fabric-covered metal mesh, into the aneurysm through small incisions in the groin or other arteries. The stent graft reinforces the artery and seals off the aneurysm.
Risks and Considerations:
Both open surgical repair and endovascular repair carry some risks, including bleeding, infection, and complications related to anesthesia. The choice of procedure depends on the individual’s specific condition, anatomy, and overall health. In some cases, the decision may also consider factors like age, lifestyle, and preference.
Recovery after aneurysm repair varies depending on the type of surgery and the individual’s overall health. Patients typically spend time in the hospital for recovery. Full recovery can take several weeks or even months.
After aneurysm repair, patients are often advised to make lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of developing new aneurysms and to promote overall cardiovascular health. These changes may include adopting a heart-healthy diet, quitting smoking, engaging in regular exercise, and managing risk factors like high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
The specific treatment plan for aneurysm repair is determined by the healthcare provider, based on a comprehensive evaluation of the aneurysm, the patient’s overall health, and the potential risks and benefits of the chosen procedure. Early intervention is important to prevent the risk of rupture, which can be life-threatening.